About Ethiopia

“Fascinating range of experiences makes Ethiopia, truly a land of discovery: brilliant and beautiful, secretive, mysterious, extraordinary.”

Ethiopia has a lot of tourism resources which are

  • Natural tourism resources

-  Biological tourism resources

-  Animals (endemics)

-  Plants (endemics)

-  Physical tourism resources

-  Water bodies

-  Mountains /Landscapes/

  • Cultural tourism resources

-  Tangible tourism resources

-  Monuments

-  Palaces/museum/

-  Historical bodies

-  Heritage sites

-  Sculpture

-  Architectures/handicrafts/

-  Intangible tourism resources

-  Festivals which are religious & secular

-  Music, dance and theater

Thus Ethiopia has a lot of Fascinating, brilliant and beautiful tourism attractions under the above categorized tourism resources. Therefore Simon Travel and Tour Company seeks to arrange and organize tour towards the above destination based on the customer’s preferences.


Some Facts of Ethiopia

Historical perspective

Ancient Time (from ancient -1270)

Ethiopia is the only country in sub-saharian Africa with tangible historical remnants stretching back to the ancient Mediterranean civilization

The Cradle of Humankind

Ethiopia is origin of homo sapiens (modern human).

Ø  Lucy a 3.5 million years old found in Hadar Danakil

Ø  New genus Ardipithecus a 5.8 million years old hominid was found

Prehistory: Ethiopian highland were inhabitants stone-Age hunter-gatherers.

Ø  1000BC Aksumite has been practicing agriculture

Ø  3000BC produce indigenous pottery

Ø  4000BC pastoralist as practiced millet cultivation

  • The Aksumite Empires: trade and civilization (b/n 52 and 92 generati on )
  • The Zagew Daynasty (333years in power): A peace & powerful Christian kingdom, began by Mera Teklehaymanot end-up immediately after Lalibela.
  • Medieval time (1270-1855)
  • The rise of Solomonic Dynasty (13-15 century)
  • The War of Ahmed Gragn (1528)
  • The GONDAR PERIOD (1635-1855)
  • Modern time (1855-now)
  • Ethiopian under Emperor Tewodros II (1855-1869)
  • Ethiopian under Emperor Yohannes IV (1872-1889)
  • Ethiopian under Emperor Menelik II (1889- 1913)
  • The Rise of Haile Selassie (1913-1936 & 1941-74)
  • The Derg (1974-1991)

All these are important historical tourism attractions or resources in Ethiopia

Biogeography of Ethiopia

Ø  Physical Resources: Ethiopia is admittedly the African continent's irregular landscapes .

Ø  The Ethiopian landscape is dominated by the volcanically formed Highland

Ø  The Great Rift Valley splits the highland massifs of the country into two main blocks:

  • the Western and the Northern highlands (the central highland includingto Beshlo, Wonchit, Jzema valley) the chains extending to the Simen mountains chains)
  • the Eastern and Southeastern highlands (Arsi-Bale mountains Chains, and the Eastern Harerge highland including Dengego mountains)


Topography/ landscape:

ü  from Danakil depression120m bsl to 4543m absl Ras Degen.

ü  the steep escarpment

ü  deeply incised lowland valley

ü  highland plains and valleys

ü  mountains chains and submit

ü  Lowland plains

Water fall:

ü  Chele-Anka Waterfall: south west Mekele, 60m height waterfall

ü  Jenbar waterfall: in the Simen Mountains National Park, 800m height,

ü  The Blue Nile Fall:

ü  Tesikie waterfall: located in Awie Zone about 180m height

ü  Ajora Falls: in south of Hosa’ena 100m into the thickly wooded gorge.

ü   Logeta water falls

ü   Guder Falls: located at Nekemt road

ü   Sora waterfall: located in Metu

ü  Barta & Woshi falls in Kefa

Many other undiscovered waterfall by tourists and other many seasonal water falls in the country that can be a tourism resources


Erta Ale:


ü  Located in Afar Regions

ü  Erta Ale is a Shield volcano with a base diameter of 30km and one km2 large crater at top of volcano.

ü  Around Ertal Ale there are many colorful lakes (i.e. Lake Afdera)

ü  One of the most fascination & physically challenging natural attractions anywhere in Ethiopia (Briggs, 2009)

Metehara: a volcanic region around Adama



Ethiopia is the best known by it’s lakes:

ü  Rift valley lake: ( i.e. lake Afrera, lake Abbe, Metehara, Beseka, Zoway, Langano, Abijata, Shalla, Awasa, Abaya, Chamo and ChewBahir, Turkana)

ü  North west Ethiopia lake: (i.e. lake Ashenge, Lake Hayke Estifanos, lake Tana, lake Zengena, lake Georgis (holly lake in Mertolelariam), lake Terba 155 dipth in Awie zone

ü  Central Ethiopia: Lake Horra, lake Ara-Shetan around south side of Butajira, lake Wenchi, lake Dundi, lake Boye at Jimma road


Mountains and peaks

Ethiopia's mountains are almost untouched by rock climbers.

ü  Simen Mountains

ü   The Bale Mountains,

ü  Abona Yosef in Lasta

ü  Peaks Adewa in Adewa Tigray

ü  The Irob region in northeastern Tigray,

ü  Tossa mountain in Dessie

ü  Chilalo and other mountains in Arsi,

ü  Choke mountain in eastern Gojjam

ü  The peaks such as Zukualla in Shoa

ü  Fantalle in Awash National Park

ü  Peaks of Arbagugu

ü  Menz (Takma-bamer mountain chain)

ü  peak of Megezeze in shoa

Natural Hot springs:


ü  Several hot springs around Denakle

ü  Adis Ababa fl-wuha

ü  Soderie

ü  Zeway Island hot springs

ü  Shalla hot springs

ü  Garagadi hot sprigs the collection of 16 hot springs bubbles from large field 15k from

ü  Adama

ü  Wondogent

ü  Arot in Alaba

ü  Bersiss in Sidamo!!

ü  Kuma in Omo

ü  Wanzaye

ü  Gono Gebriel

ü  Guramba south Gondar

ü  Harbu Hot Springs: 15 km to Kombolch,

ü  Lebka Iysus: Merhabeta

ü  Charduka: around Debark and others undiscovered hot springs in the country.


ü  Sof Omar Cave is remarkable for a number of reasons

  • over 15 km in length, the longest of Ethiopia's caves,
  • the Web River heads underground,
  • once the refuge of a medieval Muslim holy man,

ü  Achare & Aynage Cave: around Arba Gugu  is the most extensive subterranean network next cave to Sof Omar

ü  Laga Oda cave: popular painting near Harar

ü  Cave church: Makina Medhane Alem, Nakuto La'ab, Imrahana Christos; Jemedo Mariam monastery in north Wollo, there are many others undiscovered cave all over the country (i.e. about 25 caves around Dangla)


Biological resource:


ü  There are 277 species of mammals (31 are endemic)

ü   862 species of birds (16 endemic)

ü   201 species of reptiles (10 endemic)

ü   63 species of amphibians (24 endemic)

ü   150 species of fishes (4 endemic)

ü   324 species of butterflies

ü   over 7000 species of higher plants (15% are endemic)

ü  Their distribution and occurrence normally vary along with elevation, encompassing major ecosystems such as afro-alpine, savanna, desert and wetlands.

National parks

Ethiopia has a lot of national parks, sanctuaries, wildlife reserves, biospheres and protected hunting area such as

* 12 national parks,

* 4 sanctuaries,

* wildlife reserves,

* biosphere reserves,

* 18 control hunting area).

New, Maze & Chabara-Churchura proposed parks in Gamogofa & Dawuro respectively.


National park







Abijiata Shalla Lakes










Bale mountain




About 7





















Simen mountain





Yangudi Rasa















Kuni Muktar





Senkele SHB











Overview of cultural tourism resources in Ethiopia


  • Religious sites: churches, cathedrals, shrines
  • Types of architecture - specific building styles: Ethiopian churches are round (unique in the world), Italian buildings in Gondar
  • Arts: theatres, art galleries
  • Traditional crafts: pottery, traditional furniture, traditional clothing, jewellery
  • Heritage attractions: museums, castles & ancient monuments, historic gardens, historic landscapes, historic villages
  • Language: dominant language of a country, minority & regional languages, language schools
  • Festivals and special events: folklore, performing arts, sports-events, special interest
  • Industry and commerce: famous shops or shopping malls, markets, farm attractions, workplace visits
  • Sport and leisure activities: as participant, as spectator, traditional games and sports
  • Special interest holidays: bird watching, thrill-seeking holidays where people go parachute jumping, bungee jumping, white water rafting
  • Themed trails and itineraries: historical routes, safari holidays
  • Traditional food & drinks
  • Modern popular culture: visit film locations, concerts, cinema


These different types of cultural tourism are interrelated – for example: a special interest holiday focusing on ‘the history of Ethiopia’ will cover religious sites, heritage attractions, possibly festivals, types of architecture, traditional crafts and traditional food & drinks.

Cultural tourism varies between different geographical areas. Urban areas: cities and towns are the heartlands of cultural tourism, with many physical attractions & performing arts & food & drink. Examples are the cities of Addis Ababa or Gondar. In rural areas, cultural tourism focuses very much on observing traditional life styles. The south of Ethiopia, where many different ethnic groups can be visited in their own village is an example of this.



So much more…………………!!!!!!!!!!!!!




Package holidays on Major tourism circuits of Ethiopia


Northern tourism Circuits

The circuit pivots around four cities, all are very different from others,

*Debrelibanos :

Ømonasteries of St. Teklehaimanot

Øthe Jzema valley & the blue Nile George

*Bahir Dar:

ØBlue Nile Falls

ØLake Tana

ØTana medieval monasteries


Ø17th century castles

ØBeautifully decorated church of Debre Birhan Selassie

ØSimen Mountain National Park


ØGiant engraved obelisks

Ø2500 years Yaha Temple

ØTsio Maryam

Ømonastery of Debredamo


ØYemrehanna Kristos


ØAsheton Maryam

North Eastern Ethiopia

ØAfar: the world known archeological site and the origin of homo sapiens (modern human).

ØThe Kemisie and Batie local market

ØDanakil: the endangered wild ass, the salt caravan, the hot springs, the lake and the colorful salt deposits

ØErta Ale: the amazing natural phenomena of the active volcano



South eastern tourism circuit:


Includes the Bale and Arsi highlands, the Harerge highland and the Rift Valley South to Awash

ØAddis Ababa - Lake Hora and Debrezeit- Adama - Soderie - Asela - Bekoji - Adaba Dodola ecotourism site - Bale mountains National park - Sof omer cave- Shek Hussine mosque - Back to Wondo gent - Langano - Abjata - Zuway – Addis Ababa

ØAddis Ababa - Lake Hora & Debrezeit- Adama - Soderie - Metehar – Awash national Park Asebeteferie - Denegego mountain chain - Kulibe Gebriel - Deridewa - Harer (the ancient building and the hyena-man)


South routes & Southern Ethiopia


Omo Value & National Park Arba Minch

Dorze Hamer

Surma Body people

Karo Ari

Tsemai Konso



ØAddis Ababa - Lake hora and Debrezeit - Lake Zeway - Lake Langano - Lake Abijata Shalla National park - Shashemene (Wondo-gent hot spring) - Lake Awassa - Wolayta and Tiya monuments - Arbamnch (the 40 spring water, Nechsar National Park – Konso – Jinka – Mago and Omo National Parks - cultural attraction including Mursi, Karo, Humer Bena, Surma and Body culture




Western Ethiopia and undiscovered tourist circuit:


ØJimma—Gambella---Benshangul Gumez back to----Wollega – Ambo hot spring---Wunche creator lake


The western part of Ethiopia has comprise, several rolling hills, dense mountain forest, the spices, fruit tea and coffee plantation

*The northern bank of Baro River, part of the Nile drainage system.


vTourist circuits to reach a special interest groups

*ecotourism ,

*rural tourism,

*camping tourism,

*adventure tourism



While the other agencies listed here have been around for a long time, this brand-new company lacks a track record. However, the owner seems to have his act together.

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