CULTURAL TOURS

 

CULTURAL TOUR TO SOUTHERN PART OF ETHIOPIA

 

The lower OMO valley is unique in the world by being home to so many people in such a small area. Historians believed that the south served for millennia as a kind of cultural cross roads, where quite different ethnic peoples- Cushitic, Nilotic &Semitic- met as they migrated from the north, west, south, east.

 

The people of the lower OMO Valley are considered among the most fascinating on the African continent.

 

THE ARI(አሪ)

 

The ARI in habit the northern boards of MAGO national park & have a population of around 120,000 people. They keep large number of livestock and produce large amounts of honey often used for trade.The women wear skirts made from the ENSET tree.

 

 THE BANNA(ባና)

 

The BANNA believed to number around 45,000; they inhabit the higher ground to the east of MAGO national park. Most practice agriculture, through their diet is supplemented by hunting.

 

If they manage to kill a Buffalo, they decorate themselves with clay & put on a special celebration and feast for the whole village.

THE BODI(ቦዲ)

Numbering around 3500, the BODI agro-pastoralists & their language is Nilo-Saharan in origin. They inhabit the northeast edge of OMO national park.

 

THE BUMI (ቡሚ)

 

The BUMI, numbering, numbering around 8000, inhabit the land south of the OMO national park, but sometimes invade the southern plains when fodder or water is scarce.

 

Like the BODI, the BUMI are agro-pastoralists, growing sorghum by the OMO &KIBISH River as well as fishing & rearing cattle. They also hunt in the park & smoke bees out of their hives for honey. They are known as a great war mongers and are at war with almost every, particularly the KARO, the HAMMER and the SURMA.

 

The BUMI use scarification for cosmetic purposes, tribal identification and as indication of prowess. The women also scarify their torsos with curvilinear & geometrical design.

 

 

 

THE DIZI (ዲዚ)

 

THE DIZI inhabiting the northwest edge of OMO national park, the DIZI are sedentary agriculturists, cultivating sorghum, root crops & Coffee. They also practice terracing on the mountain slopes

 

 

 

THE HAMER (ሀመር)

 

THE HAMER, who number around 50,000 are substance agro-pastoralists. They cultivate sorghum, vegetables, millet, tobacco & cotton as well as rearing cattle and goats. Wild honey is an important part of their diet.

 

The people are known particularly for their remarkable hairstyles. The women mix together OCHRE water & binding RESIN, rub the mixture in to their hair, then twist strands again & again to create coppery-colored tresses known as GOSCHA. These are a sign of health & welfare.

 

If they have recently killed an enemy or a dangerous animal, the men are permitted to don clay hair buns that sometimes support magnificent Ostrich feathers. The buns-with the help of special headrests (BARKOTOS) for sleeping – last from three to six months, & can be ‘redone’for up to one year.

 

The HAMER are also considered masters of body decoration. Every adornment has an important symbolic significance; carrying for example, denote the numbers of wife’s a man has.

 

The women wear bead necklaces, iron coils around their arms, and decorate their skin with cowery shells, the iron torques around their necks are known as ENSENTO & are worn by married or engaged women only. They indicate the wealth & prestige of the woman’s husband. Young unmarried girls wear a metal plate in their hair that took a bit like a ‘platypus’ bill.

 

The iron bracelets & armlets are indication of the wealth & social standings of the young girls family. When she gets married, she must remove the jewelry; it is the first gift she makes to her new family.

 

The HAMER territory stretches across the plains of the lower OMO to chew bahir in the west, almost to the Kenyan border in the south, and to the territory of the BANA in the north.

 

 

 

 

THE KARO(ካሮ)

 

The KARO peoples are thought to be one of the most endangered groups of the OMO, with a population of almost 1500 peoples. They inhabit the eastern bank of the OMO. They were formerly pastoralists, but many of their cattle have been wiped out by disease, and many have turned to agriculture.

 

In appearance, language & tradition, they slightly resemble the HAMER, to whom they are related. The KARO are considered masters of body paintings, in which they engage when preparing for dance, feast or celebration. Most famously, chalk is used to initiate the spotted plumago of the guinea fowl.

 

The KARO are also great improvisers; BICBIROS, NAILS, SWEETS WRAPPERS & cartridge are all incorporated in jewellery& decoration. Yellow mineral rock, black charcoal & pulverized red iron is traditionally used.

 

 

 

THE KOYGU (ኮይጁ)

 

The KOYGU are KOYGU (also known as the MUGUJI) inhabit thejunction of the OMO & MAGO Rivers.

 

They commonly grow sorghum & collect wild fruit, berries & honey. The KOYGU are known for fishing & for hunting the hippo which they eat.

 

They use both guns& traps for hunting

 

 

 

THE MURSI (ሙርሲ)

 

Perhaps the best known of the OMO peoples are the MURSI, the subject of a number of TV documentaries. The MURSI thought to number around 6500, are mainly pastoralists who move according to the seasons between the lower tama steppe & the MURSI hills in MANGO national park.

 

Some MURSI practice flood retreat cultivation, particularly in the areas where the tsetse fly prohibits cattle rearing.  Honey is collected from beehives made with bark&dung.

 

The MURSI language is Nilo –Saharan in origin.

 

The Most Famous MURSI traditions include The fierce stick fighting between the men and the lip plate worn by the women; Made of clay & often quite large, the plates are inserted in to slits in their lower lips. Anthropologists offer several theories to explain the practice; to deter slaves looking for unblemished girls; to prevent evils from entering the body by way of the mouth, or to indicate social status by showing the number of cattle required by the wearer’s family for her hand in marriage.

 

 

 

 

THE SURMA (ሱርማ)

 

Formerly nomadic pastoralists, the SURMA now largely depend upon the subsistence cultivation of sorghum & maize. The SURMA have a fearsome reputation as warriors in part inspired by their continual search for grazing lands. Fights against the BUMI, their sworn enemies still occur. It is believed that the SURMA once dominated the area, but their territory has been reduced to an area stretching along the western edges of the OMO national park, in the hills around MAJI & along the KIBISH River. They are believed to number around 45,000, and are split into three sub groups:- the CHAI, TIRMA & BALE.

 

The SURMA hunt in the park & and make bee hive huts. Like the MURSI, the SURMA men are famous for their stick fighting, the SURMA women for their lip plates.

 

The SURMA are known for their white, almost ghost like body painting. White chalk is mixed with water to create wash. The painting is much less ornamental than that found in other tribes & is intended to intimidate enemies in battle. Sometimes snake and wave like patterns are painted across the torso and thighs.

 

 

 

 

 

TOUR CODE                    

SET 019

TYPE OF TOUR

CULTURAL

MODE OF TRANSPORT

GROUND

DURATION

14 nights / 15 days

 

 

DAY ONE

Arrival at Addis Ababa and O/S at Addis.

DAY TWO

Drive Addis Ababa to AWASSA looking different villages on route. O/S in the hotel

DAY THREE

Drive from AWASSA TO ARBAMINCH visit CHENCHA (DORZE settlement). O/S at hotel

DAY FOUR

Drive from ARBAMINCH TO JINKA on route visit KONSO, TSEMAY AND BENNA people O/S AT HOTEL

DAY FIVE

Drive from JINKA to MAGO national park visit the MURSI people and overnight camping at the park

DAY SIX

Drive from MAGO national park to MURULLE and visit KARO people and overnight camping at MURULLE

DAY SEVEN

Drive from MURULLE to TURMI through OMO rate visiting GELEB OR DASENECH people and overnight camping at TURMI

DAY EIGHT

Drive from TURMI to HAMER visiting the HAMER people and back to TURMI and overnight camping at TURMI

DAY NINE

Drive from TURMI to YABELO visit the ERBORE & BORENA society & their settlement O/S AT HOTEL

DAY TEN

Drive from YABELO to WONDO GENET and enjoying the beauty of natural hot spring. O/S in the hotel

DAY ELEVEN

Drive from WONDO GENET to Addis Ababa. O/S in hotel

DAY TWELVE

Browsing the beautiful and large market of MERKATO. O/S AT HOTEL

DAY THIRTEEN

Addis Ababa city tour

DAY FOURTEEN

Departure

 

 

OPTIONAL NORTHERN ROUTE ITINERARIES

 

 

TOUR CODE                                       SET 020

TYPE OF TOUR                                    TREKKING

DESTINATION                                      SEMIEN MOUNTAINS

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

DURATION                                          5 nights / 6 days

 

TOUR CODE                                       SET 020

TYPE OF TOUR                                    TREKKING

DESTINATION                                      SEMIEN MOUNTAINS

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

 

 

 

TOUR CODE                                        SET 021

TYPE OF TOUR                                    TREKKING

DESTINATION                                      GONDAR, BAHIR DAR & LALIBELA

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

DURATION                                          6 nights / 7 days

 

TOUR CODE                                        SET 021

TYPE OF TOUR                                    TREKKING

DESTINATION                                      GONDAR, BAHIR DAR & LALIBELA

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

 

 

TOUR CODE                                          SET 022

TYPE OF TOUR                                      TREKKING

DESTINATION                 BAHIRDAR, GONDAR, SEMIEN MOUNTAIN, LALIBELA AND AXUM

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

DURATION                                    9 nights / 10 days

 

TOUR CODE                                          SET 022

TYPE OF TOUR                                      TREKKING

DESTINATION                 BAHIRDAR, GONDAR, SEMIEN MOUNTAIN, LALIBELA AND AXUM

MODE OF TRANSPORT                                  AIR/GROUND

 

 

 

 

Reviews

http://colombianhighlands.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/LonelyPlanet.jpg

While the other agencies listed here have been around for a long time, this brand-new company lacks a track record. However, the owner seems to have his act together.

Follow Us

TWITTER http://thetrustfrequency.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/youtube_icon50X50.jpg